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As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.

  • The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
  • The submission file is in OpenOffice, Microsoft Word, or RTF document file format.
  • Where available, URLs for the references have been provided.
  • The text is single-spaced; uses a 12-point font; employs italics, rather than underlining (except with URL addresses); and all illustrations, figures, and tables are placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end.
  • The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines.
  • Should be written with the following elements in the following order: title page; abstract; keywords; JEL Classification Code; main text introduction, literature review/literature background, and Hypothesis development, research methods, results, discussion; acknowledgments; declaration of interest statement; references; appendices (as appropriate); table(s) and figures should be mentioned. For the best fit of the manuscript please download the article template
  • Should contain a structured abstract of Is 200 words. Structure of abstract should contain (e.g., the purpose of the study, research method, result, and findings)
  • Should contain between 3 and 5 keywords.  Including information on choosing a title and search engine optimization. Tips for keywords (i.e., Read through your paper and highlight any key terms or phrases that are most relevant to the focus of your work; Draw up a shortlist; Try searching with your keywords to ensure the results fit with your article and so you can see how useful they would be to others; Narrow down your keywords to ensure they are as accurate as possible; Review your final list and ask yourself, will these keywords be most effective at indexing my article online)
  • JEL Classification Code approximately 3 - 5 JEL code. (See. https://www.aeaweb.org/)
  • An extensive piece of work, which presents original research supported by a substantial amount of data, based on the relevant recent study. 
  • Spelling can be US or UK English so long as the usage is consistent. 
  • Please do not use the un-usual term or non-standard terms. For local word-term please put the info to make it clear.
  • Please do not use any jargon in your body of the manuscript.
  • The content of words minimum 5.000 - 8.000 words (Including words in tables/figure) and exclude Author information (e.g., name of authors, affiliations, authors identity, and all of the references). Words count starts from Introduction; Literature review; Research Method; Results and discussion; Conclusion: Acknowledgment, and Conflict of interest).
  • Total table(s) / figure(s) is maximum 7 (seven). For Long table(s) please put it as appendix in the last page.
  • For references use APA 6th or 7th edition. For all of the references, we suggest using the references software manager (i.e., Mendeley, End-Note, Zotero). Please note we automatically reject the manuscript submission if the manuscript uses manual writes of references or does not use the references software manager. We suggest for authors use a minimum of 6 (six) years of recent studies. Besides for references use a minimum of 25 references. As a commitment for references please note we just tolerant approximately 5% by 100% total references with self-citation (only relevant recent studies with the manuscript).