Management of Welfare and Job-Security of Employees for Sustainability of Colleges of Education in Nigeria

Main Article Content

Anthonia Ngozi Ibelegbu
Friday Ekahe Abanyam
Chinwendu Nwachukwu
Hannatu J. Garba


This investigation examined ways of improving management of welfare and security of human resources for sustainability of public colleges of education in South-East Nigeria. Two specific purposes and two null hypotheses were used to carry out the study. It adopted descriptive survey research design. The study involved a population of 486 senior administrators in the study area. All the 486 senior administrative officers were involved in the study; since it was of a manageable size there was no sampling in the study. A structured, 35-item questionnaire which was validated by three lecturers was used to collect data for the study. Cronbach Alpha reliability technique was used to ascertain the reliability of the instrument; and it yielded reliability coefficients of 0.76 and 0.84 respectively for the two clusters. Data collection was carried out with the help of seven research assistants. From 486 copies of the questionnaire administered, 462 copies representing 95.1% were correctly answered and returned. The collected data were analyzed with mean and analysis of variance (ANOVA) at 0.05 level of significance. From the data collected and analyzed, the study identified 16 ways of improving management of welfare and 19 ways of improving management job security of human resources for sustainability of public colleges of education in southeast Nigeria. The mean ratings of participants did not show any significant difference on ways of improving management of welfare and job security of human resources for sustainability of public colleges of education in southeast Nigeria. The study among others advanced that colleges of education’s management team should establish staff welfare and job security programmes that are helpful and appropriate to emerging trends in work places.

Article Details

How to Cite
Ngozi Ibelegbu, A., Abanyam, F. E., Nwachukwu, C. ., & J. Garba, H. . . (2023). Management of Welfare and Job-Security of Employees for Sustainability of Colleges of Education in Nigeria. Golden Ratio of Human Resource Management, 3(1), 01-13.
Author Biographies

Anthonia Ngozi Ibelegbu, Taraba State University, Nigeria



Friday Ekahe Abanyam, Ambross Alli University, Nigeria



Chinwendu Nwachukwu, Federal College of Education Yola, Nigeria



Hannatu J. Garba, Federal College of Education (Technical), Nigeria.





Abanyam, F. E. & Onimwo, J. A. (2020). Green netnographic marketing strategy for eliminating contact research practices in Nigerian Universities: A Post-Corona virus paradox. Journal of Technology and Humanities, 1(2). 1-12

Adegoke, E. O. (2010). Appraisal of administrative task area and competencies required of colleges of education (technical) administrators in Nigeria. Unpublished PhD Thesis Report. Department of Vocational Teacher Education, University of Nigeria, Nsukka.

Adebayo, O.I. & Lucky, E. (2012). Impact of job security on the organizational performance in a multi-ethnic environment. Research Journal of Business Management, 7, 64-70.

Armstrong, M. (2014). Hand books of human resource management practice. (13th ed.) London: Kogan Page.

Boselie, P. (2014). Strategic human resource management: a balanced approach (2nd ed.) .Rubrick: McGraw-Hill.

Boselie, P., Dietz G and Boon, C. (2008). Communalities and contradictions in human resource management and performance research. Human Resource Management Journal, 15(1), 67 - 94.

Dessler, G. (2015). Human resource management (14th ed,). Edinburgh Gate, England: Pearson Education.

Dessler, G. (2011). Framework for human resource management (11th ed.), New Delhi: Prentice Hall.

Dugguh, S. & Dennis, A. (2014). Job satisfaction theories. Traceability to employee performance in organizations. Journal of Business and Management, 16(5)11-18.

Ekoh, A. C. (2015). Traditional pedagogy to innovative pedagogy in business education in Nigeria: a challenge to business educators. Association of Business Educators of Nigeria Conference Proceedings, 2(1), 86 - 96.

European Commission (2010). An Agenda for new skills and jobs: A European contribution towards full employment, COM 682.

Fatimah, O., Norasisnan D., Nasir R., & Khairuddin R. (2012). Employment security as a moderator on the effect of job security on workers’ job satisfaction and well-being. Asian Social Science, 8(1), 50-56.

Federal Republic of Nigeria (2013). National Policy on Education. Yaba – Lagos: NERDC Press.

Iloh, C.A. & Sule, S.A. (2010). Effective classroom management for skills development: way forward for millennium development goals. Nigerian Journal of Teacher Education and Training, 8(1), 339-350.

James, G. (2012). How to achieve true job security. Retrieved October8, 2021, from

Kulshrestha, U. C. (2011). Labour problems and social welfare. Agra: LaxmiNarainAgarwal.

Lucidchart, C. T. (2017). Introduction to strategic human resources planning. Retrieved June 4, 2017, from process

Nuna, Z. (2016). Job security or employment security. European Labour Law Journal, 1(1), 1-9.

Ogbonnaya, N. O. (2010). Principles and application of educational policies in Nigeria (2nd ed.). Nsukka: University Trust.

Okeowo, A. S. (2017). Human resource management competencies of managers of corporate organization for effective service delivery in Ondo State, Nigeria. Journal of Business Administration, 8(3), 101 - 113.

Rao, V.S.P. (2010). Human resource management: text & cases. New Delhi:s Excel Books.

Salladavre, F., Hlaimi, B. & Wolff, F.C. (2011). How important is security in the choice of employment? Economic and Industrial Democracy, 3(1), 349-567.

Simon, S. (2011). What is job security (and does it really exist?). Retrieved June 6, 2017, from

Smart, J. C and Paulsen, M. B. (2011). Higher education: Handbook of theory and research Springer. Retrieved September 10, 2021, from

Srinivas, K. T. (2013). A study on employee welfare facilities adopted at Bosil Limited, Bangolore. Research Journal of Management Science 2(12), 227-234.

Stewart, G.L. & Brown, K.G. (2011). Human resource management: Linking strategy to practice (2nd ed.). Danvers, MA: John Wiley & Sons.

Susan, M. H. (2017). Everything you need to know about human resources. Retrieved May 12, 2017, from

Thite, M. (2012). Strategic global human resource management: Case study of an emerging Indian multinational. Human Resource Development International, 15(2), 239 – 247.

Upadyay, D. & Gupta, A. (2012). Morale, welfare measures, job satisfaction: the key mantras for gaining competitive edge. International Journal of Physical and Social Science 2(7), 109-121.